What is World Heritage Day?
World Heritage Day is a day watched each year on 18th April to celebrate heritages of the world having ‘Outstanding Universal Value’. The fundamental question is to bring issues to light to preserve and minding our antiquated significant landmarks and structures everywhere throughout the world. The other name of World Heritage Day is International Day for Monuments and Sites.
The day is also known as “International Monuments and Sites Day” which is traditionally known as World Heritage Day.
World Heritage Day 2018 Theme
The theme for the ICOMOS International Day for Monuments and Sites (World Heritage Day) 2018 is: “Heritage for Generations”.
‘Heritage’ refers to some esteemed items or property or landmarks having social or normal or historical significance that must be saved and passed on by one generation to another. This includes practices or customs or traditions that are brought forward as the years progressed.
Why do we celebrate World Heritage Day?
Ancient Monuments and architectures are reflection of glory of our vibrant past. They show the origin and cultural evolution of our civilization. Each heritage site has its own value which represents the diversity in culture, art, religion, thoughts etc. Therefore it’s important to spread awareness about the importance of our common heritages i.e. the World Heritage Sites. Efforts are needed to recognise and protect our ancient buildings, temples, monuments or other natural structures from being destroyed. It is not just a day to visit heritage sites but also to spread awareness about our tradition, culture, art and languages.
Another objective of celebrating this day is to define the World Heritage in both natural and cultural terms. These World Heritage Sites have exceptional interest and universal value to the mankind. Thus, collective efforts are required to protect our monuments and sites, and other
History/ Background of World Heritage Day
To ration and restore our social and regular legacy destinations, it was imperative to sort out an aggregate development everywhere throughout the world. The need was felt by numerous specialists from various fields that there should be a purposeful push to spare our legacy locales.
Out of the blue, the proposal to celebrate 18th April as “International Day for Monuments and Sites” was advanced in a symposium composed by International Council for Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in Tunisia on 18th April, 1982.
This proposal was additionally concluded and endorsement by the Executive Committee of ICOMOS. From there on, at its 22nd Session, in November 1983, UNESCO’s General Assembly endorsed this thought and passed the determination that every year on 18th April “International Monuments and Sites Day” will be praised all through the world. The point, as indicated by the UNESCO, is to upgrade consciousness of the estimation of the social legacy of mankind, and open up endeavors to secure and monitor the human legacy.
After approval from the UNESCO the “International Monuments and Sites Day” came to known as the World Heritage Day.
World Heritage Day 2018 Quotes
• Lost in Space is played on television somewhere in the world every day. It’s been a cult show. – Mark Goddard quotes
• Look at what’s happening in this world. Every day there’s something exciting or disturbing to write about. With all that’s going on, how could I stop? – Gwendolyn Brooks quotes
• Musical background is like almost every non-classical musician in the world. One day a special record was heard and that was it. I was hooked, started trying to play various instruments and was off to bar land to become a rock star. What else? – Kevin Johnson quotes
• I can feel that the world this day is different than all the days of our lives before. – David O Selznick
• It’s amazing that the amount of news that happens in the world everyday always just exactly fits the newspaper. – Jerry Seinfeld
• Sarah_MayourKeep this in mind. One day there’s going to be a guy who’s going to love you. Your body, your smile, the way you walk, the way you talk, the way you laugh, he’s going to love you and you are going to feel confident and on top of the world. One day you won’t feel insecure. Your day is coming. I promise. – Sarah Mayour
World Heritage Day 2018 Slogan
• Under the new law, any construction – whether private or government – within 100 meters of a protected monument is punishable if it is done without the clearance of the ASI.
• Residents who have been living in these localities for years find it a hindrance to ‘their daily livelihood’.
• Conserving the metropolis’ rich archaeological treasure is a challenge, says a senior archaeologist and conservationist who has been associated with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), which protects 172 monuments in the capital.
• The conflict often resonates in the historic national capital, a classic example of a metropolis where history rubs shoulders with the present, both in its built landscape and its living cultures.
• The ASI has been trying to find a way to ’sort out the impasse and misgivings by inviting community participation of conservation of heritage and by raising awareness’, a spokesperson said.
World Heritage Day 2018 Speech
I would like to start off by thanking Councillor Mabasa for inviting me to be part of this year’s heritage month commemoration. Often as South Africans, we get into a celebratory mood on the 24 September of each year by remembering the cultural heritage of the many cultures that make up our population. Thug Life Memes
You will agree with me that culture is not something we are born with. It is learned from family, school, religious teachings and nowadays through television and other media. Indeed issues of culture and heritage are with us 365 days a year. Issues of heritage and culture are the cornerstone of nation building. A child is born into a cultural setting, with a rich heritage which, through the process of parenting and socialisation shapes her/his well being throughout the stages of life. Our culture instills in our norms and standards of relating towards each other and behaving in society as a whole. It shapes our identities as well. We all remember what Stata Nelson Mandela said when he addressed parliament in Cape Town on 05 February 1999, he called for the reconstruction of the soul of the nation, “the RDP of the Soul: by this we mean first and foremost respect for life; pride and self-respect as South Africans rather than the notion that we can thrive in senseless self-flagellation.”
I believe he said this in realising that in reality there is a mismatch of what our culture teaches us versus our behaviors as a society.
World Heritage Day 2018 Poem
1. Speak to the lands,
they are awaiting your call,
your recognition of respect
for your ancient land.
Reward those with your thoughts:
those who had planted the seed,
nurtured the harvest of your being;
celebrate your heritage.
Call together your children,
and their children, on this day.
Share with them the lands of their pasts;
feast with them on the knowledge of preservation!
2. Wrapped in the term regeneration
Yet with the city’s falling population
It does nothing to address our real housing need
For the driving force for this is greed
And while the ink on one application’s still damp
The next one’s there for the rubber stamp
To keep adding more common sense can’t deny
We are building ghost towns in the sky
Criteria for selection of World Heritage Site by UNESCO
• To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
• To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
• To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
• To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
• To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
• To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria);
• To contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
• To be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
• To be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
• To contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.
Top 10 countries with most number of World Heritage Sites
Below is the list of top ten countries in terms of most number of World Heritage Sites:
Italy (53); China (52); Spain (46); France (43); Germany (42); India (36); Mexico (34); UK (31); Russia (28); USA (23)
World Heritage Sites in India
In India there are 36 Heritage Sites. Names are given below:
1. Kaziranga in Assam
2. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam
3. Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal
4. Western Ghats. These include Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster, Periyar Sub-Cluster, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster, Talakaveri Sub-Cluster, Kudremukh Sub-Cluster, Sahyadri Sub-Cluster
5. Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh
6. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya in Bihar
7. Churches and Convents of Goa
8. Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi
9. Red Fort Complex in Delhi
10. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park in Gujarat
11. Group of Monuments at Hampi in Karnataka
12. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal in Karnataka
13. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh
14. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh
15. Khajuraho Group of Monuments in Madhya Pradesh
16. Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra
17. Ellora Caves in Maharashtra
18. Elephanta Caves in Maharashtra
19. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) in Maharashtra
20. Sun Temple at Konark in Odisha
21. Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
22. Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan
23. Great Living Chola Temples in Tamil Nadu. They include Brihadeeswarar temple in Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Airavateshwarar Temple in Darasuram, Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur.
24. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu
25. Agra Fort in Uttar Pradesh
26. Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh
27. Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh
28. Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) in Patan, Gujarat
29. Mountain Railways of India. They include Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in West Bengal, Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, Kalka-Shimla Railway in Himachal Pradesh.
30. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand
31. Hill Forts of Rajasthan. They include Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Gagron
32. Nalanda in Bihar
33. Khangchendzonga National Park In Sikkim
34. The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh
35. Historic City of Ahmadabad in Ahmedabad, Gujarat
36. Qutb Minar in Delhi