Rare photos of former PM Atal Bihari Vajapayee : His journey from childhood to being the PM of India.
Bharat Ratna Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee is admitted to Delhi’s AIIMS hospital. His condition is being delicate. Vajpayee, 93, has been sick for a long time and has been on wheelchair since 2009.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee played an important role in establishing BJP in the 90’s. It was due to Vajpayee’s amazing personality that the new allies joined the BJP at that time, when BJP was considered politically untouchable after the demolition of Babri Masjid .
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924 in Gwalior city of Madhya Pradesh. Atal’s father is Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and mother Krishna Devi.
He was elected as the Member of Parliament in 1957. In the beginning of the decade of 1950, Vajpayee left his studies of law to run the RSS magazine. Later he gathered his political roots in the RSS and emerged as a moderate voice of BJP.
In politics, Vajpayee started as a freedom fighter during the Quit India movement of 1942-45. He started as a communist, but left communism for membership of the RSS, which had raised the flag of Hindutva.
In opposing British colonial rule, Vajpayee went to jail for some time in his teens but he did not play any major role in the freedom struggle.
Before catching up with the Hindu Nationalist Organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and Jan Sangh, Vajpayee also came in contact with communism for some time. Later, after connecting with right wing organizations, he started his close relations with Jana Sangh and then BJP.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee became a part of Indian politics since 1951. He contested the Lok Sabha election for the first time in 1955 but lost. After this he became a Member of Parliament in 1957.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a Lok Sabha MP 10 times. At the same time he was also a Rajya Sabha member twice in 1962 and 1986. During this time Atal contested the Lok Sabha election from Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi and Madhya Pradesh and won. At the same time he had reached the Rajya Sabha from Gujarat
Vajpayee is credited for taking effective initiatives to overcome the differences between India and Pakistan, for his speech, flattering voice, speech and allegiance to writing and taking concrete decisions. Because of these steps, he is known beyond the BJP nationalist political agenda and is known as the politician of a broad spectrum.
Vajpayee, who is the longest serving Prime Minister of any other party in the country other than the Congress, is often called the BJP’s moderate face. However, his critics have told him the RSS mask whose gentle smiles conceals his relationship with Hindu groups of his party.
Vajpayee’s visit to Pakistan in 1999, some leaders of his own party had criticized him, but he boarded the bus and reached Lahore. Vajpayee’s diplomatic success was appreciated by introducing a new era in India-Pakistan relations. But during this time the Pakistani army infiltrated Kargil with its troops through a secret campaign and in Pakistan’s conflict, Pakistan had to face a blow.
After being in the opposition for four decades for BJP, Vajpayee became the prime minister in 1996, but his government fell only in 13 days due to lack of numbers. The figures once again played a game of hide and seek with Vajpayee and due to not having a stable majority, 13 months later, in the beginning of 1999, another government led by him also fell.
Vajpayee government collapses in the backdrop of AIADMK chief Jay Jayalalitha’s withdrawal of support from the Center’s BJP led coalition government. But in the 1999 elections, Vajpayee became head of a more stable coalition government than the last time, who completed his five-year tenure. Due to compulsion of coalition politics, BJP had to put behind its core issues.
Due to these compulsions, its pertinent issues like Article 370, related to Jammu and Kashmir, Ram temple in Ayodhya, and implementation of the same civil code have gone into the freezer. Vajpayee, who was honored as Jawaharlal Nehru’s leader in the style and level of national and international level, year 1998-99 is known as the year of adventurous and determined decisions.
At 11 April 13, 1998, Atal Bihari Vajpayee surprised everyone by India blasting five underground nuclear tests in Pokhran. This was India’s second nuclear test. Earlier, Pokhran 1 was tested in 1974. Despite the protests of many prosperous countries of the world, the Atal government carried out this trial, after which several countries including the US, Canada, Japan and the European Union had imposed a lot of restrictions on India, despite the Atal government’s country’s GDP Growth in Pokhran’s test is one of Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s biggest decisions.
In 1977, Morarji Desai was a Foreign Minister in the government, he would then become the first non-Congress foreign minister. During this time, during the United Nations Convention, he gave a speech in Hindi and recognized the Hindi language throughout the world, the first foreign minister of free India, who gave a speech in Hindi
People close to Vajpayee say that their mission was to improve relations with Pakistan and they had sown seeds in the 70’s as a foreign minister in the government of Morarji Desai. After the failure of the Lahore peace efforts, in 2001, Vajpayee took another initiative of the Agra Summit with General Pervez Musharraf, but he was also not successful in achieving the objective.
On December 6, 1992, the incident of the demolition of Babri Masjid by kar sevaks in Ayodhya was a fire test for Vajpayee, where he stood on the scale of secularism. At that time, Vajpayee was the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha. Vajpayee condemned it in clear words, contrary to the attitude of many BJP leaders. His personal loyalty was never questioned. Vajpayee is a well-known poet and his party colleagues frequently recite his creations.