What is Nipah Virus? Symptoms, Prevention & Cure: Get to know all of it
What is Nipah Virus?
Nipah Virus is a zoonotic infection. Zoonotic means infectious dieases that are spread amongst animals and people. Nipah virus is spread by bats. Bats feed on fruits or other plant parts. The infection reaches humans when they eat somewhat partially eaten by bats or pigs. Till now 10 deaths have been accounted for in Kerala because of Nipah virus. There is no specific vaccine available only for the treatment of Nipah Virus.
How Nipah Virus is transmitted?
Nipah virus is a disease which can be effectively transferred to people from animals and causes serious illnesses and even death of both the species. The infection ordinarily spreads from animals like pigs and bats, which are the hosts for this infection.
What are Symptoms of Nipah Virus?
Some regular signs and side effects of Nipah virus are cerebral pain, fever, sickness, dazedness, sleepiness and mental issues, for example, confusion. These side effects can last up to 7-10 days.
Features of Nipah Virus:
1. It is a Zoonotic illness (spread amongst animals and people)
2. Regular Host : Fruit bat
3. Intermediate host : Pigs (incidentally)
4. Incubation period: 5 to 14 days
5. Duration of illness: 3 to 14 days
6. Cardinal/Presenting side effects: Fever,Signs of Pneumonaia, Head throb, other neurological side effects
7. Diagnosis: Elisa (IgM and IgG) and PCR. (Tests : Serum, CSF, Throat Swab)
8. Mode of introduction: Direct presentation to infected animals or people. Eating the organic products bitten by infected animals
9. Treatment: Supportive.
How do I protect myself against Nipah Virus?
Take caution to ensure that food is not contaminated by bats. Avoid potential risk to guarantee bats don’t eat the food or drop dung on it. Try not to eat natural products that may have been nibbled by bats. Try not to drink raw palm sap that is prepared in open compartments close to palm trees. Try not to climb trees covered in bat feces.
There is high possiblity of human-to-human transmission of the illness so precautionary measures are essential for hospital workers caring for infected patients. Wellbeing experts taking care of such patients should take prudent steps, for example, wearing masks and gloves.
It is also important to safeguard oneself after coming in contact with someone who has contracted the virus. It is essential to keep up a distance from the patient, to purify and wash hands altogether. Clothes, utensils and items typically used in the toilet or bathroom, like buckets and mugs, should be cleaned separately and maintained hygienically.
It is important to cover one’s face while transporting the dead body of any individual who dies beacuse of Nipah fever. The relatives should avoid direct contact with dead body and should take utmost care while bathing the body before cremation or burial.
Maintain a distance from or avoid consumption of infected pigs.
Precautionary measures ought to likewise be taken when submitting and dealing with lab tests, and also in pig slaughterhouses.
• Avoid eating half eaten fruits.
• Drink boiled water.
• Cover wells with nets to prevent bats from entering the well.
• Try to avoid contact with patients, one of the victims who died today was a nurse.
• Make sure that pets are not infected.
• Wash your hands well, maintain personal hygiene.
So folks, hope that this information was useful.
Take care of yourself.
Stay safe… Stay Healthy…
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