100 years to devastating massacre at Jallianwala Baug
The British Parliament opened on 10th April 2019 the British Prime Minister recalling the brutal incident which happened in Jallianwala Baug exact 100 years ago. The massacre caused by General Dyer and his soldiers clearly had a deep impact on the history of Indian struggle for independence. The incident has deep roots installed in each and every Indian’s mind and hearts and we can just imagine how gruesome the situation would be. Opening the prime minister’s questions on Wednesday quoted Queen Elizabeth’s remarks who called the incident a ‘distressing example’ of the history Britain has with India. “We deeply regret the suffering and the distress caused,” she said. With the 100th Anniversary of the Jallianwala Baug approaching let’s take a look at some unknown facts about the incident.
The official death count of the Jallianwala Baugh massacre was 379 and it stated that 192 people were wounded. However in a gathering of such a large number of people the death count was very less. According to resources, the death count was much more than 1000 and almost 1200 people were wounded.
Not only the bullets were lethal
The bagh was surrounded by the officers and shots were fired at the common and unarmed people. This firing created chaos amongst the crowd. Not all of the dead were due to bullets. According to the reports, a large number of people also succumbed due to stampede. People ran across the bodies of the men lying on the ground. In search of a safe shelter to hide from bullets people also jumped in the well in the park. Reports suggest that almost 120 bodies were found in the well. Also, the people who had injuries had no strength to get up and hence passed away and eventually died.
Orders from General Dyer
General Dyer had his troops surrounding the entire scene by all sides. He ordered his soldiers to open fire at the people. The people were not warned neither were given a chance to disperse. To make sure that there was a massive destruction General Dyer ordered his soldiers to bend the knee and open fire. Some soldiers initially fired in the air but he screamed at them and asked them to target the crowd.
A number of rounds fired.
A total number of 1650 rounds were fired by General Dyer and his men within a span of 10 minutes. The plan was to have maximum destruction and terrorize people. The crowd had no idea of the attack and no warning was given to them so that they could at least surrender.
The Butcher of Amritsar.
General Dyer became outrageous by the name of Butcher of Amritsar. After the massacre, he was removed from command immediately and was sent to Britain. On his return, he also received a gift from the government. He was given a sum of 26000 pounds which was a great sum in those days. He died in 1927 after a series a heart attack hence ending a chapter of one of the most brutal and cold-hearted generals of all time.